This energy is produced from materials with high radioactivity properties, primarily uranium.
Its exploitation is only possible in developed countries.
Nuclear energy has a considerable economic impact, but its results are felt more in international relations, and its contribution to the global “balance of terror.”
The commercial and industrial exploitation of nuclear power has developed greatly in recent years.
The production of nuclear power has been somewhat blocked in recent years due to environmental reasons.
The “atomic age” began in Chicago in 1943.
At first, most of the research was directed to military purposes, but today most industrialized countries have nuclear reactors to produce electricity.
The central geographic problem is related to the reality of the radioactive material uranium, which supplies the atomic power, and in the areas where the plants of this energy are located.
The amount of energy in a kilogram of 235-type uranium is about 2,000 tons of oil.
The nuclear facilities are large and extend over large areas, and for security and safety reasons they are usually far from populated areas.
In countries lacking other sources of energy, such as France and Japan, nuclear power accounts for a significant share of energy sources, compared with countries rich in other energy sources, where nuclear power is less common.
Canada, Australia and Kazakhstan are the most important uranium producers, and together with the US and South Africa, they account for about two-thirds of total output.
The problems and dangers in the process of commercial production of nuclear energy are:
The risk of dispersing radioactive materials in the atmosphere as a result of leakage or explosion.
Such dangerous events have occurred in the past.
The more famous event took place at the atomic reactor in Chernobyl, in the Soviet Union (16.4.86).
In the explosion of the core of one of the nuclear reactors, a fire broke out and large amounts of radioactive material were released.
The materials spread in the atmosphere over large areas of the USSR, Eastern Europe and Scandinavia, and even to Western Europe.
One of the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster was that many countries throughout Europe, including the United States and Canada, stopped building nuclear power plants and even ceased to operate some of the existing stations.
Sweden decided in 1995 following the Chernobyl disaster to completely stop production of nuclear energy by 2010.
Against the background of the danger inherent in radioactive waste, there is a tendency to dispose of them in sites located in remote areas suffering from the phenomenon
“Not in my back yard”, meaning “not in my back yard.”
In addition to this, there is a danger of nuclear fuel theft by extremist terrorist groups and its use as a weapon that threatens world peace.
Economically, huge investments are required in the construction, operation and ongoing maintenance of a nuclear power plant, which also includes the means of protecting and maintaining special safety devices.
Therefore, nuclear power plants are usually established in developed countries.